Índice de digitalidade 2017
The European Commission published the 2017 Digital Index – Portugal digital competences aren't evolving.
The evolution and asymmetries in the incorporation of information and communication technologies (ICT) among the various sectors of Portuguese society can be evaluated through the Digital Economy & Society Index (DESI). This index is presented annually by the European Commission, since 2014, as part of the Digital Single Market. Composed of five dimensions (connectivity, human capital, use of the internet, integration of ICT and digital public services), allows the comparison of all countries that are part of the European Union, in addition to the individual review of each country member.
Currently, the DESI consists of thirty-one individual indicators from the official statistics of each country. These indicators are grouped in sub-dimensions which are, in turn, grouped in the five dimensions mentioned above. The results reported in 2017 places Portugal in a intermediate position between the EU28 countries (15th position, with general index of 0.53 of a scale that goes up to 1). Although Portugal demonstrates an annual growth rate of the index if compared to the previous years, its relative position to the Member States does not follow this development.
To understand how Portugal has evolved, we need to know the five dimensions of the DESI. The first one is related to connectivity, which sets up the indicators related to the physical structure of the Internet (e.g., connection speed) and it’s ownership by society (e.g. accession, price/cost of membership). The general index found for this first dimension (index 0.67) positions Portugal in 10th position among the 28 countries. The best performance of Portugal is in subscription of Internet connection in New Generation Networks, where we are on 5th position. The worst performance is related to the number of mobile broadband subscriptions, where we occupy the 26th position.
The second dimension of DESI is related to Human Capital. It refers to the indicators that are related with the use of the Internet and the digital competencies by the population. In this dimension, Portugal has the worst performance and occupies the 22nd position among EU countries.
In the third dimension are the indicators associated with the use of the Internet. Portugal has evolved at a lower speed when compared to other Community countries, which results in a 19th position, when in 2014 occupied 15th position. The best result among the indicators of this dimension, is the indicator of use of social networks (among all Internet users) where Portugal is in 9th position in 2017. However, Portugal occupied in 2014 the second position among all Community countries.
The fourth dimension presents the integration of digital technologies in companies. These indicators are related to the use of ICT by economic sector, except for the financial sector. In this dimension, Portugal occupies the 9th position among the 28 countries, but there is still space for improvement in some areas.
The best result in this dimension is the indicator that represents the use of RFID technologies (Radio-Frequency IDentification) in companies, which puts Portugal in 2nd position among the EU countries. The worst position is the indicator of the use of Cloud services by enterprises, which is in the 18th position.
The fifth and last dimension is composed by indicators that represent the availability and the interaction of public services online. In this dimension, Portugal occupies the 9th position, being this the only one of the five dimensions where the performance of the country has deteriorated, when compared with the previous year. This result can be explained in part by the weak performance of the previously filled data in online forms and the use of open data. However, among the four indicators that constitute this dimension, all the others are well above the European average.
DESI shows us clearly where our strengths and weaknesses are. The Portuguese Government is aware that it cannot have a public digital administration service by default and that the same applies to the economy context and that more Portuguese have to experience the benefits of the Internet; It's necessary to attend with greater accuracy to the basic digital skills requirement of the Portuguese people lined up with what is being done in Europe and in the world. We have include those who have basic digital skills and those who don´t and improve, enhance and certify the digital qualifications of the Portuguese population. The balance between digital supply and demand will allow Portugal to obtain from the information and knowledge society, all it’s potential for social participation and inclusion, respecting differences and providing alternative equivalents so that no one feels excluded.